ALFONSO XIII - BABY HEAD stamps of the PHILIPPINES

References

Description of Catalogues

Sellos des Correos de Espana y sus Colonias, Lopez (1890)

In 1890 Leopoldo Lopez published the second edition of the Descriptive Catalogue of the Postage Stamps of Spain and Colonies, this was organised in accordance with the Historical-Descriptive Report and published by Royal Decree and under the direction of Antonio Fernandez Duro, the Chief of Administration of the Postal Branch.

There is a statement in the catalogue that it was awarded a silver medal at the Philippines Exhibition of 1887, suggesting that the first edition was of a previous date, or else that the author may have published it as an offprint from some magazine and later, in 1890, as a catalogue. A third edition was published in 1892. The fifth edition was published under the authorship of Galvez in 1896.

This catalogue includes descriptions of the first babyhead issues released in 1890 in the Philippines. The catalogue assigns values to new and used stamps but only gives prices of those offered for sale, which are usually the most frequently seen, and in cancelled condition only.

 

Catálogo Descriptivo de los Sellos y Tarjetas Postales de las Islas Filipinas, Mencarini (1896)

This Descriptive Catalogue of the Postage Stamps and Postal Cards of the Philippines was published by Juan Mencarini in Manila in 1896 who had the previous year won a Medal for his Regional Exhibition of his private collection of Philippine stamps.

Mencarini was based in Manila... at that time many of the stamps were released and later authors have relied on many of the details provided by Mencarini in their own work.

In this catalogue Mencarini provides a description of the intended usage and the number of stamps issued.

 

Catalogo Galvez (1898)

 

The Catalogue Galvez was produced by Miguel Galvez Jimenez and orignally published in 1895. In 1898 it was expanded and published in Madrid as the first edition of the Universal Catalogue and provided a descriptive catalogue of the postal and telegraph stamps of Spain and its colonies.

The catalogue included prices for which individual stamps could be purchased. It was sold for 2.50 pesetas in paperback form and 3 pesetas bound.

 

Islas Filipinas, Catalogo Descritivo de sellos de correos telegrafos y tarjetas postales, Cotter and Quinto (1897)

In 1897 Balbino Cotter in collaboration with Francisco de Quinto, published in Manila a Descriptive Catalogue of Postage and Telegraph Stamps and Postal Cards of the Philippines.

It was sold in the Philippines for 0.75ptas

The catalogue included prices for which individual stamps could be purchased.

 

Catálogo de los Sellos de Correos y Telégrafos de España y Colonias, Vives (1897)

 

In the same year as Cotter and Quinto publish their catalogue, Antonio Vives published in Madrid his Catalogue Vives of the Postage and Telegraph Stamps of Spain and Colonies which he sold at 1 peseta or 1.50 pesetas if bound. The catalogue included enlargements of the known philatelic forgeries, but since the reproductions were blurred they did not show the characteristics clearly and the result is not particularly helpful.

 

Catálogo General de los Sellos de Espana y sus Colonias usados en Correos y Telégrafos des de 1850 a 1898, Harris (1898)

 

This catalogue was published in Madrid in 1898 by L. Harris and Company, and sold at his establishment in Carmen Street, Madrid for 75 centimos. The Philippine section appears to be an exact duplication of the catalogue produced by Galvez (1898).

 

Catálogo Regulador Ilustrado de Compra y Venta de los Sellos de Correos, Telégrafos y Fiscales de España y Colonias, Ceballos (1902)

 

The ‘Catálogo Regulador Ilustrado’ or Regular Ilustrated Catalogue was produced by Jose Garcia Ceballos in 1902 with a second edition the following year. The catalogue establishes prices that Ceballos considered fair for each stamp and as a guarantee of his evaluation he commits himself to purchase the stamps at 75% of the prcies quoted.

 

Catálogo de los Sellos de España, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Filipinas y Fernando Poo, Madrid Philatelic Circle (1902)

 

This catalogue was published by the Madrid Philatelic Circle in Madrid, only one edition was published in 1902.

 

Catalogue de Timbres-Poste et Télégraphe de Espagne et Colonies de la Société Philatelique Internationale de San Sebastian, Minindo (1906)

 

Joaquin Minondo had earlier published ’Catálogo de los Sellos de España 1850 a 1901’ in 1901 with second and third editions in 1903 and 1905. However, in 1906 he published in San Sebastion a new version which included the Spanish Colonies. The catalogue was in French but with an introduction in Spanish and sold for a price of 1 Franc. A second edition was issued in 1911.

 

Catalogo Especial, Galvez (1921)

Catalogo Especial de los sellos de Correos y Telegrafos de Espana Colonias y Ex Colonias, Galvez (1932 to 1962)

 

In 1921 Gálvez published what he termed ‘Catalogo Especial’ or Specialised Catalogue, of Spain and its Colonies. It was so well received that in 1923 he published a new edition in two parts, of which only the first, comprising Spain and existing Colonies (with commemorative cancellations, proofs and essays, fiscal and university stamps, etc.), was printed. A second part would have been composed of the former Colonies, was lost as a result of the war with the United States in 1898. The Catálogo Especial of 1923 was the most complete catalogue published in Spain at that time.

Further editions were printed titled ‘Catalogo Especial de los sellos de Correos y Telegrafos de Espana Colonias y Ex Colonias’ or Specialised Catalogue, of the stamps and telegraphs of Spain, its Colonies and Ex-Colonies. Editions include those for 1933 (published in 1932), 1937(?), 1943-1944 (published in 1942), 1950 and 1960.

1932 Normal

1942 Especial

Catálogo EDIFIL de los Sellos de España y Colonias, 1964 to 2012

 

In 1964 the Catálogo EDIFIL de los Sellos de España y Colonias was first published, with a new edition each year, reproducing the stamps in colour and issuing every few years a specialised edition.

The EDIFIL catalogue became popular amongst Spanish collectors and is used as a reference by auctioneers.

 

Catalogo Hevia de sellos de Espana ex colonias espanolas y provincias africanas, 1948-1980? 

 

In 1948, Casa Filatelica Hevia published their Catalogue of Spanish Stamps. By 1951 this included the stamps of its ex-colonies including Cuba and the Philippines (and later Morocco) for which issues were continued to the listed up to the published date.

The 1975 (28th edition) notes that the prices listed were supported by available stocks and that the catalogue prices were net prices and the numbering used was equivalent to the Yvert catalogue.

 

 

Philippine Postage Stamps – Wholesale only, Federico Schenkel (1900)

 

Federico Schenkel was a stamp dealer based in Manila. An auction was held on 28 December 1899 where the American Government sold by auction the entire stock of postage stamps remaining in the Hacienda Publica of Manila which where turned over by the Spanish authorities in August 1898. The auction was won by Ed A Keller and Co. of Manila for the sum of $50,300 and comprised approximately:

  •  30million stamps (postage, provisional postage and newspare stamps)

  • 100,000 postal cards

Schenkel was appointed as the agent for the onward sale of this stock. He produced a catalogue listing stamps from 1880 to 1898 available for wholesale in quanties of 10, 100 and 1,000. Also offered were sets of 120 stamps.   Schenkel also notes that in the stock purchased a large number of damaged stamps, pale and soiled. 

 

The Postage Stamps of the Philippines, Bartels, Palmer and Foster (1904)

 

Following the publication of “Spain and Colonies” by Philatelic Society, London in 1879, the catalogue by Bartels et al. appears to be the first English language specialised handbook relating to the stamps of the Philippines. At the time of publication the Philatelic Society noted that few countries afforded greater difficulties of than those the Philippines, in particular the numerous surcharged varieties (from the period 1881 to 1888). The illustrated handbook represented the first attempt to provide an abosolute chronological arrangement of the postage stamps issued in the English language and also provided details of the number of stamps issued, although these were based on information in Mencarini (1896).

With repect to the Babyhead issues, in addition to the number of issued stamps, Bartels et al handbook included information relating to the sheet heading inscriptions, a description of cliché types and colour shades. The handbook also included mention of two plate flaws found on the 1c issues and a few details relating to paper thickness and gum types. Usefully the handbook contained a description of the 1897 surcharged issues and in particular a number of forgeries that existed at that time.

The edition printed in Boston, USA comprised 350 copies all of which were numbered and sgined by one of the authors. The first fifty copies were an “Edition de Luxe” printed on heavier paper and accompanied by plates showing the forty varieities in the the sheets of the first issue and was sold for $4.50, whereas the “Regular Editon” could be purchased for $2.50

 

Hanciau...

 

...

The Postal Issues of the Philippines, Palmer (1912)

 

Palmer was one of the authors of the earlier handbook by Bartels et al in 1904. A number of articles were published serially in the Philatelic Gazette by Palmer. However, Palmer who was in Manila between 1905 and 1907 notes that he had failed to take account of the articles produced by Hanciau. In this new handbook Palmer attempted to provide a complete revision of earlier work and make it as correct and valuable as possible.

An article in the Philatelic Society, London Journal  reviewed the catalogue and criticised the work for not including a bibliography. However, the monograph contains much useful and original information. In the description of the Babyhead issues, Palmer’s handbook typically represents an update (and locally correction) of the earlier work by Bartels et al. The description of colour shades is simplified with additional details provided relating to the sheet format and size, descriptions of gum types and paper thickness as well as providing a cross reference to the catalogue number in Scott’s Catalogue of 1912 (note the catalogue numbers of Scot’s 1915 edition presented in this Catalogue are equivalent to the 1912 edition). Palmer also describes a handful of plate flaws.

 

 

Harradine (....)

 

....

 

Scott Catalogue, 1895 to 2015

 

The first Scott catalogue was a 21-page pamphlet with the title ‘Descriptive Catalogue of American and Foreign Postage Stamps’  and was published in September 1868 by John Walter Scott, an early stamp dealer in New York, and purported to list all the stamps of the world, with prices for each.

By about 1886 Scott sold his stamp business and his title to the Scott Catalogue and his business passed to the newly formed Scott Stamp and Coin Co. In 1888 the Scott Stamp and Coin Co. Assigned individual catalogue numbers to each stamp.

In 1938 the owners of Scott Stamp & Coin Company sold the publishing portion of the business to Scott Publications, Inc. Since 1938 the two companies have been totally independent of each other, Scott Stamp & Coin Company selling stamps and coins, and Scott Publications, Inc. publishing catalogues and other stamp collecting items. Today Scott Publishing Company in Sidney, Ohio, is a division of Amos Press, Inc.

 

Stanley Gibbons Foreign Catalogue, 1905 to 2012

 

Edward Stanley Gibbons published his first catalogue of postage stamps in November 1865 in Plymouth, UK and comprised 20 pages of a non-illustrated listing of stamps and postal stationary with prices for used and unused singles or by the dozen.

 Between 1897 to 1945 foreign listings were published as Part II of the Stanley Gibbons Catalogue.

The Priced Catalogue of Foreign Countries – 1905 edition specifically noted as being ‘revised and corrected by the latest published information’ for the Philippine Islands although no details are provided regarding the published information referred to.

The Priced Catalogues are also noted for the fact that all prices quoted in every case are based on the stock in hand at the time of going to press.

From 1951 to 1970 these were consolidated into Part II Europe and Colonies and Part III American, Asia and Africa. The present system comprises tweny-one catalogues (Parts 2 to 22) was initiated in 1979. The stamps of Spanish-Philippines were first included in Part 9 (Spain and Portugal) with the 1st edition published in 1980, the 2nd edition in 1984 and the 3rd edition in xxx. The 2nd edition notes that with the weakness of the peseta, the price pattern for Spain and colonies was one of general decline from the previous high level of 1980. (Start of notation of paper types by SG - although appear to be based on information from Galvez??).

In the fourth edition of the foreign catalogues the stamps of the Spanish-Philiipines were transferred to Part 21 (South-east Asia) which was published in 2004, with the current 5th edition published in 2012.

 

Yvert et Tellier Catalogue, 1896 to 2015

 

Louis Yvert and Theodule Tellier published their first worldwide catalogue of postage stamps in November 1896 in Amiens, France. Their success was in part due to their logical and permanent numbering, in contrast to most of their contemporaries, who changed the numbers in their catalogues upon discovering forgotten stamps.

In 1900, Yvert et Tellier associated with Paris stamp dealer Théodore Champion, who sold unused stamps from all over the world. He fixed the prices of the stamps sold by the company. In April 1913, Tellier sold his share of the company to Louis Yvert. Due to their friendship, Yvert decided that the catalog would continue to be named Yvert et Tellier. During the 1920s and 1930s, Yvert prepared his two sons and his son-in-law to run the firm (Henri and Pierre Yvert and Jean Gervais . After Champion's death in 1955, Pierre Yvert and the brothers Ladislas and Alexandre Varga bought Champion's company and the new firm continued to fix Yvert et Tellier's prices. Pierre Yvert's and Jean Gervais' two grandsons have run the company since the 1990s.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Catalogues

Scott

Edifil

SG

Other Spanish

Other English

Articles

Journal papers

Auction

Auction Catalogoues